Fifteen countries have taken action of varying forms to phase out Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles and increase the number of Electric Vehicles (EVs), as illustrated in the following table.

Country Status of ICE Vehicle Phase Out Date of Action
Austria Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2020[i] [ii] April 2016
Britain Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2040[iii] July 2017
China Official target: End production and sales of ICE vehicles by 2040[iv] September 2017
Denmark Target: 5,000 EVs on the road by 2019, tax incentives in place[v] Since 2008[vi]
France Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2040[vii] July 2017
Germany No registration of ICE vehicles by 2030 (passed by Legislature)[viii] October 2016
India Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2030[ix] [x] April 2017
Ireland Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2030[xi] July 2017
Israel No new ICE vehicle imports after 2030 [xii] February 2018
Japan Incentives program in place for EV sales[xiii] Since 1996[xiv]
Netherlands No new ICE vehicles sold after 2030 [xv] October 2017
Norway Incentives program in place for EV sales[xvi] Since 1990
Portugal Official target and incentives in place for EV sales[xvii] Since 2010[xviii]
Scotland Official target: No new ICE vehicles sold after 2032[xix] September 2017
South Korea Official Target: EVs account for 30% of auto sales by 2020[xx] June 2016
Spain Official target and incentives in place for EV sales[xxi] June 2017
Taiwan Official target: Phase out fuel-powered motorcycles by 2035 and fuel-powered vehicles by 2040 [xxii] December 2017

[i] Author Uknown, “Federal Environmental Agency: From 2020 no more diesel and gasoline cars,” Salzburger Nachrichten, April 12, 2016. <https://www.sn.at/wirtschaft/oesterreich/umweltbundesamt-ab-2020-keine-diesel-und-benzinautos-mehr-1577830>

[ii] Austria, Climate and Energy Fund, Model Regions of Electric Mobility in Austria, Vienna: Climate and Energy Fund, 2015. <https://www.klimafonds.gv.at/assets/Uploads/Broschren/Modellregionen-der-Elektromobilitt/MODELREGIONSofelectricmobilityinAustria.pdf>

[iii] United Kingdom, Department for Transport, UK plan for tackling roadside nitrogen dioxide concentrations, London: Crown, 2017. <https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/air-quality-plan-for-nitrogen-dioxide-no2-in-uk-2017>

[iv] Zhang, Yan, “China fossil fuel deadline shifts focus to electric car race,” Bloomberg, September 10, 2017. <https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-09-10/china-s-fossil-fuel-deadline-shifts-focus-to-electric-car-race-j7fktx9z>

[v] Lambert, Fred, “Denmark to relaunch its electric vehicle market with incentives after a year with almost no sales,” Electrek, April 19, 2017. <https://electrek.co/2017/04/19/denmark-electric-vehicle-incentive/>

[vi] “Denmark- Policies and Legislation,” International Energy Agency. <http://www.ieahev.org/by-country/denmark-policy-and-legislation/>

[vii] Ewing, Jack, “France Plans to End Sales of Gas and Diesel Cars by 2040,” The New York Times, July 6, 2017. <https://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/06/business/energy-environment/france-cars-ban-gas-diesel.html>

[viii] Böll, Sven, “States want to ban gasoline and diesel cars,” Der Spiegel, August 10, 2016. <http://www.spiegel.de/auto/aktuell/bundeslaender-wollen-benzin-und-dieselautos-ab-2030-verbieten-a-1115671.html>

[ix] Wattles, Jackie, “India to sell only electric cars by 2030,” CNN, June 3, 2017. <http://money.cnn.com/2017/06/03/technology/future/india-electric-cars/index.html>

[x] Worstall, Tim, “India’s Ambitious Target For Only Electric Cars By 2030 – Stern V Nordhaus All Over Again,” Forbes, April 30, 2017. <https://www.forbes.com/sites/timworstall/2017/04/30/indias-ambitious-target-for-only-electric-cars-by-2030-stern-v-nordhaus-all-over-again/#7dac278c35a8>

[xi] Sherlock, Cillian, “Could Ireland ban petrol and diesel cars? Your questions answered,” The Independent, July 27, 2017. <https://www.independent.ie/irish-news/news/could-ireland-ban-petrol-and-diesel-cars-your-questions-answered-35973345.html>

[xii] Solomon, Shoshanna, “Israel aims to eliminate use of coal, gasoline and diesel by 2030,” February 27, 2018. <https://www.timesofisrael.com/israel-aims-to-eliminate-use-of-coal-gasoline-and-diesel-by-2030/>

[xiii] Petroff, Alanna, “These countries want to ditch gas and diesel cars,” CNN, July 26, 2017. <http://money.cnn.com/2017/07/26/autos/countries-that-are-banning-gas-cars-for-electric/index.html>

[xiv] Takahashi, Masako, “Incentives for EV & HEV,” Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific, 2003. <http://www.evaap.org/pdf/incentive.pdf>

[xv] Lambert, Fred, “The Dutch Government confirms plan to ban new petrol and diesel cars by 2030,” Electrek, October 10, 2017. <https://electrek.co/2017/10/10/netherlands-dutch-ban-petrol-diesel-cars-2030-electric-cars/>

[xvi] Author Unknown, “Norwegian EV policy’,” EV Norway. Publishing date unknown. <https://elbil.no/english/norwegian-ev-policy/>

[xvii] Petroff, “These countries want to ditch gas and diesel cars,” 2017.

[xviii] Fonseca, Armando, “Nissan has announced the price of the electric car Leaf,” Velocidade, May 17, 2010. <http://arquivo.pt/wayback/20100517184611/http://jn.sapo.pt/blogs/velocidade/archive/2010/05/17/nissan-j-225-divulgou-pre-231-o-do-carro-el-233-ctrico-leaf.aspx>

[xix] Scotland, A Nation With Ambition: The Government’s Programme for Scotland, Edinburgh: Crown, 2017. <https://programmeforgovernment.scot/2/>

[xx] Author Unknown, “Gov’t to regulate older diesel cars, promote EV to tackle fine dust,” Yonhap News Agency, June 3, 2016. <http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/search1/2603000000.html?cid=AEN20160603002353315>

[xxi] Author Unknown, “Spain approves new incentive to boost sales of AFVs,” Autovista Group, June 23, 2017. <https://www.autovistagroup.com/news-and-insights/spain-approves-new-incentive-boost-sales-afvs>

[xxii] Bo, Xiang, “Taiwan to phase out fuel-powered motorcycles,” Xinhua Net, January 4, 2018. <http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-01/04/c_136872362.htm>